As a Proof-of-Stake system, ETH 2.0 will monitor compliance with its consensus rules.
In contrast to Ethereum based on Proof-of-Work (ETH 1.0), ETH2 will be governed by a Proof-of-Stake consensus, which operates heavily depending on the integrity of the validator (staker). . ConsenSys CodeFi of ConsenSys explained how ETH 2.0 will monitor this integrity in Phase 0 (BeaCon Chain).
▶ ️ How will proof-of-stake work on Ethereum 2.0?
▶ ️ How will incentives, rewards & penalties work?
▶ ️ What is the ROI of a stake?
Check out our latest thinking on # Eth2, including a simulation that the Codefi Staking-as-a-Service team is building https://t.co/gVJgmgpdky
– ConsenSys Codefi (@ConsenSysCodefi) March 2, 2020
The goal is to provide readers with an overview of Ethereum 2.0 implementation, as well as its reward and punishment system.
Rewards and penalties in ETH 2.0
To become a validator (verify transactions before putting it on the blockchain), participants in the Ethereum network will be required to contribute (lock in a special way) at least 32 ETH. All rewards and penalties will be a function of the user's real balance, limited to 32 ETH.
When a user's staking balance drops to or below 16 ETH due to penalties, that person will be excluded from the network. The cause of the penalty may vary depending on whether the stakeholders act as the proponent (the person who requested the block authentication) or the authenticator (block validator).
There are three possible scenarios for blocked users:
- As the one proposing and signing two different beacon blocks for the same location.
- Be a validator and sign a certificate that “surrounds” another.
- Be a witness and sign two different testimonials with the same goal.
The offender will be arrested by a valid whistleblower. The accuser will receive a significant stake from the offender's stake as a reward for prudence.
ConsenSys CodeFi also calculated the approximate reward for staking a certain amount of ETH. While online about 95% of the time, stakeholders can earn 1.25 ETH per epoch (6.4 minutes) for 500k ETH in their stake.
Estimated reward per epoch. Source: ConsenSys CodeFi
According to this estimate, it is much more beneficial to stake a moderate amount of ETH in a stake. Therefore, decentralizing ETH 2.0 will be encouraged economically.
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